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2021年3月托福写作真题:关键词要看清

时间:2021-04-02

来源:朗思教育

作者:陈老师

这个月三选一类的题目较多,大家不要忘记比较类题型的核心要点:比较对象一个都不能少。但今天我们分析重点的是一道出现频率相对较低、但偏题频率较高的一道一般类独立写作题。2021年3月托福写作真题:关键词要看清。

首先我们来认识一下这道题。
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement:
Rapid growth in recent years in cities is mostly a positive development to society.
Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Be sure to use your own words. Do not use memorized examples.

乍一看是不是觉得很普通,普通到让我们瞬间信心大增?城市近些年来的迅速增长对于社会大体来说是不是一件积极的好事?似乎不论是同意还是反对都有很多理由关键词可以脱口而出:经济、科技、教育、环境、健康……

但能迅速想到关键词并不一定意味着你能够轻松搞定这道题。首先我们来看一下两个中文段落,你觉得哪个版本更适合这道题呢?
2021年3月托福写作真题:关键词要看清
版本1
城市发展会使空气质量恶化。一方面,城市挤满了高楼大厦,这些大厦会侵占原本可以用来绿化的区域。因此绿色植物对空气的净化作用难以发挥,从而会导致城市空气质量下降。另一方面,城市中私家车、巴士等交通数量庞大,每天都会排放成千上万吨尾气,这无疑会进一步降低城市的空气质量。……

版本2
城市的迅速发展会使空气质量恶化。一方面,城市的扩张需要建设很多办公空间,这导致城市会被更多高楼大厦挤满。而且,过快的发展速度很可能会导致绿化工程的速度跟不上,因此绿色植物对空气的净化作用难以发挥,从而会导致城市空气质量下降。另一方面,过快的城市发展会导致市中心房价陡增,人们无法负担从而纷纷逃往较偏远的郊区,因而上下班通勤、日常出行都会更依赖私家车、巴士等交通工具,which会排放成千上万吨尾气,这无疑会进一步降低城市的空气质量。……

乍一看这两个版本区别不大,但是比较之下我们会发现版本2有充分回应题干中的“rapid growth”,版本1其实论证的是“城市中国空气质量很糟糕。”

所以审题一定要看清关键词,再简短的题干也不要掉以轻心。

2021年3月托福独立写作机经
Because the use of technology such as computers in classrooms for young students (age 6-12) has led to many improvements in learning, some people believe that there should be no limits on the number of hours that young students spend using technology during school day. Others believe that too much time spent using technology during school day is harmful and that their use of technology should therefore be limited to one hour or less daily. Which view do you support and why.

Do you agree or disagree with the statement:
The best way for a teacher to help students become more interested in a subject is to explain how that subject will help them in their lives outside of school.
Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Be sure to use your own words. Do not use memorized examples.

Do you agree or disagree with the statement?Teachers should give primary children(aged5-10)assignments less than 30minutes,because they have enough instructions in regular school classes.
Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Be sure to use your own words. Do not use memorized examples.

Imagine that you have been given the opportunity to advise the government of a city or region (area) that you are familiar with to spend more money on ONE thing to benefit the city or region. Which ONE of these do you believe would be the most beneficial for the city or region? Why?
-Providing more affordable housing
-Decreasing (reducing) air and water pollution
-Attracting new businesses to the city or region

Do you agree or disagree with the statement:
Even though people are aware of the environmental problems (pollution, global warming), the environmental issues will not be improved in the future.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement: In order to succeed in school or work, the ability to adjust or adapt to changing conditions or circumstances is more important than excellent knowledge in a job or a field of study.

Do you agree or disagree with the statement? For any business to be successful, it must spend a lot money on advertising.

Some charitable organizations(groups that help people in need) allow people who give money to charity to choose how their donations will be used. (For example, people can decide whether their donated money is spent directly on goods and services for people in need or on advertising by the charity.) If you were to give money to charity, would you prefer to choose how your donation is going to be used, or do you think it is more effective to leave that decision to the organization? Why? Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Be sure to use your own words. Do not use memorized examples.

Some teenagers(14-18) take part in various activities, such as musical classes, sports classes and so on, but others only focus on one activity which is important to them. Which idea do you support?

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement:
Parents today spend too much time trying to help determine the futures of their children; children should be allowed to make their own choices.

The government is going to provide extra financial to support a certain group of people. Which of the following group most deserves and needs to get financial support from the government?
1. 不工作的older people  (70岁以上)
2. 年轻有小孩small children的家庭
3. 暂时性失业的年轻人workers who recently lose their job
1. older people who no longer work  (over 70)
2. families with young children
3. young people who recently lose their job

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement:
Nowadays it’s easier to maintain good health than it was in the past?

Do you agree or disagree with the statement:
It is better to relax by watching a movie or reading a book than doing physical exercise.

The school has been funding for students to participate in different types of activities, but this year, since the lack of money, the school will fund one activity, which one do you think is the one the school should fund:
1. sports
2. arts
3. volunteering (help development of commun
ity)

Some people believe that there are so many different news stories about current events nowadays that it is helpful to take a break from reading or listening to the news; as a result, they stop reading or listening to the news for days or weeks  for a period of a few days or weeks? Why or why not?

You should always state your honest opinion, even when you know that most other people disagree with your point of view.

World hunger is a complicated issue that has been frequently discussed but not resolved. Some people believe the problem can only be addressed by wealthy governments and large companies. Other people believe that each one of us can actually do something to solve the problem of hunger. Which opinion do you agree with? Why?

Which one of the following values is the most important to share with a young child(5-10 years old)?
1.being helpful
2.Being honest
3.Being well organized

Some people believe that, in addition to learning new things at school or at work, it is important to learn new skills that are not directly connected to your school or work life. Which ONE of the following do you think would be most beneficial? Why?
-Learning a creative skill such as drawing or painting
-Learning how to manage your finances (money) better
-Learning how to play a game or sport
Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer. Be sure to use your own words. Do not use memorized examples.

Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?
Students do reading by their own personality is as important as, or more important than reading assigned by teachers.

In times of economic crisis, in which field do you think the government can cut financial support?
-Art
-Science research
-Parks and public gardens

Parents give their children weekly money to buy whatever they want. Some people think this can cause bad habits and ideas about money in children. Others think the opposite. What’s your opinion?

Rapid growth in recent years in cities is mostly a positive development to society.
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